- GADUS MORHUA
The common size of cod in the catch is in the range of 55 to 90 cm. Cod can grow quite large; the largest individual measured in Icelandic waters was 17 years old and 186 cm long.
The total catch of Icelandic cod in 2019 was 259,871 tonnes, as compared to 264,278 tonnes in 2018. In recent years the Icelandic cod stock has grown considerably and the Total Allowance Catch (TAC) for the quota year 2019/2020 is 270,411 tonnes.
Icelandic cod - catch 2014-2019 (tonnes) - Source: Statistic Iceland
The Icelandic cod is caught throughout the year.
Cod is caught all around Iceland and mostly at depths of 100-250 m and ocean temperatures of 4-7 °C. The most important fishing grounds are off the south western coast, off the Westfjords and off the south eastern coast. Fishing is driven by market conditions and managed according properties of the fish which can differ between fishing grounds and season.
The cod is caught all around Iceland, mostly at depths of 100-250 m and ocean temperatures of 4-7 °C. The most important fishing grounds are off the south western coast, off the Westfjords and off the south eastern coast. Fishing is driven by market conditions and managed according to properties of the fish which can differ between fishing grounds and season.
Icelandic cod - Catch by fishing grounds in 2017 - Source: Marine Research Institute
Over the past decade the trend has been to increase the share of fresh and chilled products in Icelandic cod exports. Large volumes are also exported frozen or salted. Considerable effort has also been put into the development of valuable products from formerly low value by-products, this includes dried heads and protein for human consumption as well as high value products for use in cosmetics and for medical purposes.
The main markets for Icelandic cod are the UK, France and Spain. Other important markets include Portugal, the USA and Nigeria.
- France 20%
- Spain 19%
- United Kingdom 17%
- United States 12%
- Portugal 7%
- Belgium 5%
- Nigeria 4%
- Netherlands 4%
Nutritional information for raw Cod - Per 100g edible portion:
Certification of the Icelandic Cod
The Icelandic cod fishery was certified in 2010 to the FAO-based Iceland Responsible Fisheries Management Certification Programme. The certification covers all sectors of the Icelandic cod fishery within the 200-mile EEZ for all fishing gears. A chain of custody certification programme has been implemented to allow handlers to demonstrate traceability back to a certified fishery. The certification is an independent third-party certification. The certification confirms responsible fisheries management and good treatment of marine resources.